Radiation’s Effects And Materials To Mitigate Them

Re-Post from MDSA

220px-drstrangelove1sheet

How many of you remember “Dr Strangelove”?

While in conversation with a friend the other night, he mentioned the two previous posts that were published on this blog, and asked if more topics could be discussed. I advised him that there were more in the works, and it was just time constraints that limited their release. Today we will talk about what types of radiation are of concern in a nuclear war context, what kind of a threat they are and for how long, and ways to mitigate those effects. Throughout all this information we will put out about radiation protection, the three basic things to keep in mind that you can use to protect yourself from radiation are Distance, Time, and Shielding.

Radiation

Generally speaking, there are three types of radiation that we are concerned about. Alpha, Beta, and Gamma. The Alpha Radiation/particle is the least dangerous realistically, but it is still a concern. The effects it has can be mitigated by 1 inch of air, a layer of common clothing, and even your skin to a degree. The place where Alpha Radiation can cause you damage is if you ingest it, whether through inhaling or swallowing it. It can cause serious issues with internal organs it comes into contact with. A tightly sealed bandanna, commercial dust respirator or gas mask will inhibit the inhalation part, and cleaning your food off will generally stop the swallowing it part. Keep in mind though, the Alpha particle is 20 times more damaging to human tissue (in contact) than an equal amount of Gamma radiation/rays.

Beta Radiation is more of a concern, but it is usually stopped by 10 inches of air, or several layers of clothing. As with the Alpha particles, Beta’s are also a concern if ingested, and the commercial respirator or gas mask still applies for that concern. Although regular clothing in layers will usually defeat Beta particles, I suggests using a heavy commercial rain suit (pants and hooded jacket will work, but the “overall” type pants with a jacket or a trench coat type jacket with regular pants will work better for the overlap these combos provide), heavy rubber over boots, and gauntlet style rubber gloves (all this was talked about in this post) will help with a speedy decontamination when you arrive back at your home/retreat. You simply get brushed off then sprayed off in a designated decontamination area with a water hose.

Gamma Radiation is the big killer in a nuclear fallout context. Unhindered by a barrier, Gama particles have a range of a 1/2 mile. The way to defeat or mitigate the effects of Gamma radiation is to not be anywhere near it, or to use different types of material to shield against it. The radiation output measurement is called Gray (Gy) or Rad (R) and is measure by the hour.

220px-threadsmoviecover

Remember this Soviet funded  anti-nuke BBC production? I do. It was on TV and host by that POS Maury Povich in the summer of ’84. Make it look unsurvivable and no one will prepare for it. Unfortunately, by that time, I had read Nuclear War Survival Skills and knew the movie was BS.

Terminology

The “Rad” term is an older one (old US system), and 1 Gray(Gy) equals 100 Rad (R). The term REM stands for “Roentgen Equivalent Man” is generally equal to the same amount as a RAD (1 Rad= 1 REM). The REM is the older US system’s nomenclature for dose received and 100 REM’s  are equal to 1 Sievert (Sv). Both REM and Sievert are a measurement of the dose received by the individual. 1 Sievert equals 100 REM in dose, 1 Gray equals 100 Rads in radiation measurements per hour.   If you are told the radiation level is 1,000R (10 Gy), that means it is 1,000 Rads (10 Gy) in an hour. If you are told the dose received is 1,000R (10 Sv), it means the person received 1,000 REM (10 Sv), and if that person was exposed to that dose for 3 hours, it would not be 1,000 REM (10 Sv), but 3,000 REM (30 Sv).

nuke-mitigation-post2

In this instance, you’d substitute Sieverts (Sv) for Gray (Gy), and if you are using the older standard US system, you’d take the Gy amount and multiply by 100 for the REM quantity.

Here’s another chart in my notes that will give you an idea of what happens after you are exposed to a given amount of radiation in a given time period.

Doses are listed as REM.

  • 0-70=  Dose period/6-12 hours. No effects to slight incidents of headache, nausea, vomiting. Up to 5%. No medical care required.
  • 70-150= Dose period/2-20 hours. Same as above, from 5-30% effected. Some medical care might be required.
  • 150-300= Dose period/2hrs-2 days. 20-70% percent same as above. Fatigue and weakness in 25-60% of personnel. 5% deaths at low end, 10% at high end.
  • 300-530= Dose period/2hrs-3 days. 50-90% as above. Fatigue and weakness in 50-90%. At low end 10% deaths, at high end 50% deaths
  • 530-830= Dose period/2hrs- 2 days, 80-100% of personnel with moderate to severe nausea and vomiting. 2hrs- 6 weeks, moderate to severe fatigue and weakness in 90-100%. 50% dead in 6 weeks at low end, 99% dead in 3 weeks at high end
  • 830-3000=Dose period/30mins to 2 days, severe nausea, vomiting, fatigue, weakness, dizziness, disorientation, and moderate to severe fluid imbalance and headache. 100% death in 5 days to 3 weeks
  • 3000-8000= Dose period/30mins to 5 days, 100% experience severe nausea, vomiting, fatigue, weakness, dizziness, disorientation, fluid imbalance, and headache. 100% death in 2-3 days
  • Greater than 8000= Dose period/30mins to 1 day, severe and prolonged nausea, vomiting, fatigue, weakness, dizziness, disorientation, fluid imbalance and headache. 100% death in 1 day

Understanding The Half Life of gamma radiation.

There is a basic rule that applies to the effectiveness of radiation, this is called the “Rule of Sevens”. “Half-Life” is the term used to measure the amount of time required for the radioactivity being generated to be cut in half. When measuring Gamma radiation, we use the “Rule of Seven”. In a nut shell this means that for any given amount of radiation, a time span of seven will reduce that radiation to 10% of the quantity previously measured (it will be reduced 90%).

If we start with an example of 2000R in your area one hour after a detonation (H+1), within 7 hours, the radiation level will be reduced to 200R. After 49 hours (approx 2 days), the radiation is reduced to 20R, and after 14 days (two weeks), it will be reduced to 2R. Finally after 98 days ( approx 3 months) it is at 2/10R. Note that the chart above does not measure below a dose rate of 1Gy/1Sv (100 R/100REM). Although there would be trouble spots where fallout would have collected, for the most part, you are relatively safe to come out of the shelter after two weeks in all but the worst hit areas. If you are in those areas, I think you probably would have had a more immediate concern from the initial blast damage, than the radiation.

Blocking Radiation

So now we’re all depressed because we realize what radiation will do to our bodies, let’s talk about how we’re gonna stop it. We’ve already talked about how to block the radioactive Alpha and Beta particles from harming us internally and externally with protective apparel, but one other thing to mention in this regard is potassium iodide (KI) tablets. These are to be taken 48 hours prior to a possible exposure to Alpha and Beta particles due to ingestion or inhalation (they don’t help with external radiation exposure).

nuke-mitigation-post1

I purchased these here

It’s good to have them on hand in case you won’t have the ability to block the inhalation or ingestion of Alpha or Beta particles with some type of respirator, but KI does have numerous side effects that are possible after being taken. Also, KI is not recommended for people over the age of 40, due to side effects affecting the thyroid that are possible.

SHELTERING

OK, so now we are going to shelter in place, and we need to build or add to a shelter, whether it is a shelter within a building, or making the whole building into a shelter. What are some common materials that are available to us for use in our shelter.

We will talk about a number of readily available materials and what radiation shielding capabilities they have. First up is air.

AIR– Distance is your friend when it comes to radiation. To cut the output of radiation in half, you need 200 feet of air/space. This 200 feet of distance will halve whatever Rad or Gray count is emanating from the source of the radiation. Using an uncontaminated parking garage basement that you decide to build a shelter in as an example. If you have 200 feet of air between you and the outside, discounting any other material (steel, concrete, etc) the radiation level is cut in half with that 200 feet of distance. Different types of architecture (high rises) will assist with this.

DIRT– It requires 3.3 inches of dirt to halve the amount of radiation that is put out from a source outside the shelter. If you have an outside radioactive source, 12 inches of dirt will reduce the radiation to 1/10th of the original output, 23″ to 1/100th, and 33″ to 1/1,000th of the outside radiation output.

WOOD– Wood will reduce the effects of outside radiation to 1/10th with 35″, 1/100th with 58″. and 1/1,000th with 88″. The halving thickness is 8.8″.

STEEL– Steel’s radiation reduction is as follows: 1/10th is 2.3″, 1/100th is 5″, and 1/1,000th is 7″. The halving thickness is .7″.

CONCRETE– 10 inches of concrete will block 1/10th of the outside radiation, 15 inches blocks 1/100th, and 23 inches blocks 1/1,000th. The halving thickness is 2.2″.

PAPER– the protection books and magazines provide equals 1/10th with 28 inches, 1/100th with 54 inches, and 1/1,000th with 77 inches. The halving thickness is 7.7″

WATER– Something like a waterbed in the room above might be factored into your protection. Water provides 1/10th the exposure with 19 inches, 1/100th the exposure with 30 inches, and 1/1,000th with 48 inches. The halving thickness is 4.8″.

In case you didn’t notice, the denser and heavier a substance is for a given size (example 1 cubic foot) the better the protection and shielding from radiation.

In the next nuke series post, we’ll talk about using some of the materials listed above to build shelters out of your home, within your home, and in a building you might get caught in or in the open after a blast.

nw118b

 Expedient shelter, page 101, chapter 14 of Nuclear War Survival Skills by Cresson Kearny

JCD

Comcast Is Paying Anti-Trump Protesters?

Two Minutes of Hate

Trump’s “Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States” implemented a temporary ban on immigration from Iraq, Iran, Syria, Yemen, Sudan, Somalia, and Libya. The text of that executive order is available at: https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/01/27/executive-order-protecting-nation-foreign-terrorist-entry-united-states

Based on the level of vitriol in the reaction to that order, people would rather spend hours protesting something they did not spend 30 minutes reading. After all, why take 30 minutes out of your day to determine what to think when the media will do that for you in two minutes?

What is this executive order about, and what are the protests about?

The executive order is not about immigration
Most everybody is from someplace else, therefore there is nothing special about immigration, regardless of how much immigrants are apotheosized. America is not a country of immigrants, we are a country of pioneers. What is important about immigration is how immigrants arrived and what the individual immigrants do with their lives after arriving. Do they open a restaurant or other business, do they provide for their family, do they integrate into the larger community – in essence, do they become proud Americans? Or do they try their hardest to stay “economic migrants” or “hyphenated-Americans”? Or, at worst, do they attempt to convert America into the countries from which they escaped? Becoming American is commendable, and should be supported, but there are no provisions in that executive order excluding immigrants who merely wish to stand on our soil.

It is the right of every sovereign nation to determine who can and who cannot legally enter within its borders. Of the 196 countries on this planet, only seven were excluded by this executive order. So, the order isn’t about immigration. Nor is it an absolute ban on immigration from those seven countries, since there are exceptions made for people from those seven countries “traveling on diplomatic visas, North Atlantic Treaty Organization visas, C-2 visas for travel to the United Nations, and G-1, G-2, G-3, and G-4 visas” as well as explicit provisions for case-by-case review.

Lest we forget, Trump’s wife is herself an immigrant.

It is not about Islam
The order not only bans Muslims from the seven countries covered by the order, it bans all people, with the exceptions listed above. In fact, two of the families stranded at Philadelphia International Airport were Christian families fleeing from Syria – and they were not returned to Syria.

None of the five countries with the largest Muslim populations are on the list. The words “Muslim” or “Islam” appear nowhere in the EO. The references to Islam are indirect, like this paragraph from section 1 of the EO:

“In order to protect Americans, the United States must ensure that those admitted to this country do not bear hostile attitudes toward it and its founding principles. The United States cannot, and should not, admit those who do not support the Constitution, or those who would place violent ideologies over American law. In addition, the United States should not admit those who engage in acts of bigotry or hatred (including “honor” killings, other forms of violence against women, or the persecution of those who practice religions different from their own) or those who would oppress Americans of any race, gender, or sexual orientation.”

There can be no justification for harboring those who enjoy the benefits of living in our republic while trying destroy it, so why not deny entry to those who harbor ill will to our Constitution and our founding principles? We are not obligated to aid and abet our own destruction.

Further, why shouldn’t we keep out anyone who would “oppress Americans of any race, gender, or sexual orientation”? We have fought too long and too hard to win the rights of minorities and women and gays and lesbians in this country, and it makes no sense to reverse those gains.

What else isn’t the executive order about?
It isn’t about racism, since there is no such thing as the “Islamic race” or the “immigrant race”. It isn’t about free speech, either. If you think this is a “free speech” issue, look at what happened yesterday at UC Berkeley, home of the Free Speech Movement. So much for Michelle Obama’s “when they go low, we go high” policy.

What, then, is the executive order about?
The executive order is an attempt to protect America against foreign terrorism. The seven countries are not even specified in the executive order itself, but were identified in the Terrorist Prevention Act of 2015 and its 2016 extension as being current fermenters of terrorists. The order limits entry to people from only those seven countries, requires that the vetting process be improved, requires the completion of a biometric tracking system, and requires public reporting of immigration statistics.

These are the types of actions that should have been taken following the terrorist attacks on 9-11, or at Boston, Ft. Hood, San Bernardino, Orlando, or Mumbai, or multiple places in Pakistan, or Paris (two times), or Berlin, Cologne, or at a whole host of other attack locations.

Finally, what are the protests about?
When Obama banned Cuban immigrants from arriving here, there were no protests. When the Obama administration chose that list of seven countries in 2015 and 2016, where was the outrage? It is easy to say that the root cause of the protests is the election of Trump, or rather, Hillary Clinton’s loss. While this is true in part, it is also about the abrogation of the individual’s responsibility to determine beliefs based on his or her own observations, research, and reasoning. The protesters are being told what to think, rather than figuring it out for themselves. And they see no problem with this.

The protests are nothing but “Two Minutes of Hate.”

__________________________________________________________________

Understand something people, it doesn’t matter what type of “minority” status you have, if you don’t follow the globalist agenda, you are their enemy and are open for any type of action they deem fit.

JCD

American by BIRTH, Infidel by CHOICE

No Rights Without A Duty

mdt-patches1-1

YOUR RIGHTS

A good friend told me something a while back that has stuck with me and needs to be impressed upon everyone who thinks their “Rights” are due you just because you draw breath. You do not have a right, until you have a duty. Think about it for a minute. Here’s two examples. Does a child have the right to speak their mind when their parents piss them off? No. Does a child have a right to own and carry a firearm for their protection? No.

Why don’t children have those rights? Well because they are children, and haven’t become mature enough to be heard (children are generally “parrots”, nothing more) or carry something that can kill another human being of course (we’re not going to talk about a specific age here). When you become what society considers and “adult”, you reap the “rewards” of that status. But here’s the thing. With that “status”, a civil and just society expects you to take on certain responsibilities.

A Civil and Just Society

You are expected to support yourself and those you are responsible for and not be a burden on society. You are expected to follow society’s laws, especially those of the “malum in se” type. You are expected to be able to be called upon in times of danger to support and protect your society from attack (the original purpose of the militia) “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”. You are expected to be civil and responsible in your speech, or reap the consequences, whether that’s a punch in the mouth from the husband of a woman you just disrespected, or locked up because you yelled “fire” in a crowded theater when there was none, and people were injured because of your actions.

All the rights you have are surely yours, but they go hand in hand with a duty to be good stewards and not abuse them, because that abuse ends up being detrimental to society. You don’t give a shit what society thinks? You’re an anarchist and don’t like governments? I guess you’re “judge”, “Jury”, and “Executioner” then? Where do you get your rules from, the Bible….the koran maybe? Does society have the right to take away the life or freedom of an individual? How so, if you think your “rights” are permanent and irrevocable? If you violate the rights of another, does that negate your rights? Who determines that?

I know what I believe the answers to these questions are, but have you asked yourself these questions? I find it funny when I see some “Hood-Rat’s” mother talkin’ about her right’s being violated, or her son’s right’s being violated. They have been nothing but a burden on the same society who has done nothing but take care of them from cradle to grave (they act as if this is a “right”). They haven’t taken their duty as a member of society seriously, and in a lot of cases, they have completely mocked and abused that same society and the rights that society has tried to honor, even to it’s own detriment.

Your children don’t have a “right” to self defense till they are of a certain age/maturity level, simply because they don’t have the ability. The parent has a duty to protect their children, and with that goes the “right” to do it any way they see fit. Are there youngsters out there that have shown they are mature enough to handle weapons to protect themselves? Sure. We are not talking here about the exception to the rules, we are talking about the “standard”, and the standard “child”, especially these days, is a sad sack of entitlement, disrespect, and irresponsibility.

Your children don’t have the right to speak in public about how to go about maintaining or fixing issues in that society, because they don’t have the understanding, experience, or maturity to give effective council, and it is the parent’s responsibility to advise them to be seen and not heard when in those situations. The ridiculous and embarrassing situations we have seen in the last two weeks (last year really) can be laid at the feet of society, starting with the parents.

STANDING UP

I was encouraged the other day when I saw the FedEx guy use a fire extinguisher to put out an American Flag that some protesters had lit, and he took it to make sure they didn’t disrespect it further. I was further encouraged even more when FedEx said they were not going to fire him (didn’t take the PC route), as many thought would happen. I don’t know what his story is, but if I was to guess, I’d say he was a Vet. Why do most Vets (especially Combat Vets) get upset over these people “exercising their rights”? WE have all lost people who died for what that flag represented, and have seen it drape their coffins. You will not disrespect the tangible representation of what my friends died for, period!

fedex-guy1

Quit acting like your rights are something that don’t require any responsibility. Your right to “Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness” comes with a duty to respect the rights of others, while still holding yourself and others to a standard of conduct that a just society demands to be able to work correctly. “God, Family, Country” is the list in my order of precedence. For a lot of people, the “God” and “Country” parts have been severely lacking of late. If you don’t believe in a Creator, that’s your problem, but if you’re an American and want to disrespect the good things that this nation has done, is doing, and hopefully will do, that is our problem. We Veterans signed a “blank check” to the people of this nation. The nation took a little from all of us, a moderate amount from some of us, and ALL from a few of us. Respect that and there won’t be a problem.

THE MARCHES

womans-march2

There were two types of big marches over a week ago, The Woman’s March, and the March for Life. The “Woman’s March typically had two type of participants. Those who are ignorant of reality, don’t want to know the truth, and believe everything they are told. Then there’s those who are bitter about everything in life, so they want to make everyone around them miserable, because they don’t have the balls to commit suicide, but they are more than willing to murder the most innocent among us. They exercise their “rights” without exercising the “duty” inherent with those rights. Their “You can’t tell me what to do!” mantra sounds familiar…..(anarchist much?) Ironically, their were Pro-Life woman who wanted to participate in the Woman’s March, but they were not allowed.

womans-march1

Then you have the “March for Life”. A polar opposite of the “Woman’s March” in almost every aspect except the walking part. These people understand that with “Rights” comes a “Duty”. The “Woman’s March” participants (they wouldn’t allow “Pro Life groups to participate) believe they have the “right” to CHOOSE what is life and what is not. To this I ask “How would you legally charge someone with “double murder” for killing a pregnant woman (two lives taken, right?), but if the same woman chooses to abort the child it’s OK because it’s just “A clump of cells”? It is “Double murder” because it’s a life, not a “choice”, and it is murder if only one of those lives is taken as well, correct. When a society determines that they can dictate when something is life, and when it is not, that society is damned. What’s to keep those in authority from saying someone is no longer “a life” after they are put on a life support, or reach a certain age?

womans-march-compared-to-march-for-life

womans-march-trash

Your first duty as an adult is protecting the most innocent among us. So you tell me, which group is taking their “duty” seriously and deserves to be able to exercise their “rights”, and which one is full of self righteous, selfish carbuncles on the ass of society? If you’re not willing to take your responsibilities and duties to society seriously, why should society recognize your rights. Your words can have serious power. Weapons have serious power. Power and responsibility go hand in hand. A society that doesn’t recognize and encourage that, will not remain and organized society for long.

As with my earlier post, I wrote this two weeks ago and decided not to post it because it was too “Insensitive”. Over the last two weeks I’ve realized that “Insensitive” is exactly what a lot of people out there need right now, whether they like it or not.

JCD

American by BIRTH, Infidel by CHOICE